Loans have become part and parcel of our lives, and we take loans for various reasons, sometimes unknowingly as well. For example, if you have just paid your grocery bills, or ordered anything online, with your credit card, you have actually taken a loan from the card issuing bank. Our reasons for taking loans are varied and various. It may be for a new home, to go for higher education, to improve our homes, to garner capital for our businesses, or even to pay off other existing loans. Multiple options and multiple types of loans are available for a particular need. Moreover the cost of loans, or the interest rate, may also vary from provider to provider. Hence, before you take a loan, it is imperative that you know the different types of loans a\that are available to you, and the types of loans that are best suited to you, both in the long run and in the short run. Go through our guide below, and know about the different types of loans, before you apply for one, and save money.
Loans may be secured or unsecured. A secured loan is a loan, that is fully, or partially backed by a physical asset. For example, you car loan is backed by the car you purchased with the loan, your house loan is backed by the house, and you may also take a personal loan, pledging some asset that you may have. The secured nature of the loan reduces the risk of the bank, which reduces the interest rates.
An unsecured loan, on the other hand, has no underlying asset to it, and there is no collateral security with the loan. A typical example is your credit card limit, or a personal loan without any collateral security. Because the risk is higher for the bank, these loans generally have a higher rate of interest.
Loans may be repaid by various modes, but two modes are the more popular ones, as given below:
Repayment with fixed EMIs: A term loan, or a housing loan can be repaid with equated monthly instalment, over a period of time. These loans are also called instalment loans.
Revolving Credit Loans: Revolving credit have a fixed borrowing but no fixed repayment amount every month. Your credit card is a typical example. You can spend (or borrow) upto the limit offered, but can choose to pay the minimum amount due, something more than the minimum amount due, or the entire amount at one go. A similar case is with overdraft limits extended to businesses. Whatever loan amount you do not pay this month, will revolve over to the next.
Fixed Rate Loans: These loans will carry a pre-decided, fixed rate of interest, in the entire tenure of the loan, no matter what the interest fluctuations are. If interest rates go down, banks benefit, while if they go up, you benefit. Generally speaking, these loan’s rate of interest is slightly higher than the market floating rate of interest, as they shield you from the ups and downs of the interest rate market.
Variable rate loans: As you have already guessed, these loans are just opposite to fixed rate loans, and they offer you a floating rate of interest, directly tied with the market rates. You rate of interest may be revised every quarter, half yearly, yearly, or even monthly. Depends on the lending institution and your agreement with them.
A plain vanilla home equity loan is a loan that helps you to buy your dream home. The property you buy will be mortgaged to the bank till such time you pay off the loan fully. You will need to pay a percentage of the total value of the property as down payment. Interest rates are lower than other types of loans, and it is also called a ‘good loan’, as such a loan helps your saving habits, and also helps you to own a property in the future, while enjoying it from day one. Home loans are of different types, like VA HOME LOANS and FHA HOME LOANS.
Once you have a mortgage loan in place, and have serviced it successfully for more than a year atleast, you can choose to re-finance it, or remortgage it, with another credit provider, and get benefits, like lower interest rates, increased or decreased period of payment, favourable EMI amount, or even an additional cash loan for your benefit. Click here to know more about Re-Mortgage Loans.
Business loans are convenient, and act as a boost to your business, but they are a tad bit difficult to get, due to the elaborate documentation requirement. Check our guide on how to get a business loan, and get liquidity for your business enterprise.
Are you servicing multiple loan repayments and/or credit card repayments, some big and some small? Well, a debt consolidation loan is probably the exact product you need, to bring back financial discipline in your life, save you from excessive interest payments, and to reorganize and manage your finances well, again. It is simply a loan, that serves to clear all your other existing loans, bringing them under one net, with lower rate of interest. Know more about debt consolidation loans here.Click here to know about these factors of personal loan.
Rising higher education costs, and the need for higher education to pregress in professional life, and made taking student loans mandatory. There are two types of student loans, federal and private, and one always first utilizes his or her entire federal loan limit amount, plus grants if any,, and then explore the private loan lenders for the balance requirement. Why, you will know by clicking onto our student loan guide page.
Want to buy a car or bike? You will probably want to take a car loan, which is actually an auto loan. The loan allows you to take possession of your vehicle after paying a small down payment, insurance and registration, and the vehicle is actually owned by the bank, till such time you pay off the loan fully. They come is variety of repayment periods, the most popular ones being from 3 years to 5 years repayment period. There are many small details you should check in a car loan or auto loan, to save money, and get the best deal out from them. Check our page on auto loans, to know more.
We will soon bring a section on credit card transfer loans, and how long does a credit card balance transfer take.
FHA home loans are maximum beneficial to the lower income groups, or to those who have just started their professional careers, as these loans make it possible to own a house with very little down payment, which is otherwise not possible in a mortgage loan. Know all about FHA loans here.
By all means, avoid pay day loans. If you have already taken one, then take a debt consolidation loan or even a personal loan, and pay off your payday loan. They are supposed to be paid off in full, with very high rate of interest, by your next payday. High interest rate is charged as no credit score check or credit repayments records are checked. One renews the loan on non repayment at the next payday, paying the interest part only, and the vicious cycle continues. So immediately clear off all your payday loans, before you embark on a solid and prosperous financial journey.guide on availing small business loans, its documentation, requirement, merits and demerits. guide on credit scores, how to manage your credit scores and increase them, and how to maintain a good credit score. Click here for our loan calculators.